On the identification of chaos from frequency content


The characterization of chaos as a random-like response from a deterministic dynamical system with an extreme sensitivity to initial conditions is well-established, and has provided a stimulus to research in nonlinear dynamical systems in general. In a formal sense, the computation of the Lyapunov Exponent spectrum establishes a quantitative measure, with at least one positive Lyapunov Exponent (and generally boundedmotion) indicating a local exponential divergence of adjacent trajectories. However, although the extraction of Lyapunov Exponents can be accomplished with (necessarily noisy) experimental data, this is still a relatively data-intensive and sensitive endeavor. We present here an alternative, pragmatic approach to identifying chaos as a function of system parameters using response frequency characteristics and extending the concept of the spectrogram. Copyright © 2011 by ASME.