Large oscillations of beams and columns including self-weight


Large-amplitude, in-plane beam vibration is investigated using numerical simulations and a perturbation analysis applied to the dynamic elastica model. The governing non-linear boundary value problem is described in terms of the arclength, and the beam is treated as inextensible. The self-weight of the beam is included in the equations. First, a finite difference numerical method is introduced. The system is discretized along the arclength, and second-order-accurate finite difference formulas are used to generate time series of large-amplitude motion of an upright cantilever. Secondly, a perturbation method (the method of multiple scales) is applied to obtain approximate solutions. An analytical backbone curve is generated, and the results are compared with those in the literature for various boundary conditions where the self-weight of the beam is neglected. The method is also used to characterize large-amplitude first-mode vibration of a cantilever with non-zero self-weight. The perturbation and finite difference results are compared for these cases and are seen to agree for a large range of vibration amplitudes. Finally, large-amplitude motion of a postbuckled, clamped-clamped beam is simulated for varying degrees of buckling and self-weight using the finite difference method, and backbone curves are obtained. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd.